With Cannabis Against Parkinson’s Disease.

Cannabis is said to help with Parkinson’s disease. But can cannabis improve symptoms?

For several years, cannabis has been legally used for medicinal purposes in certain forms. How well agents perform in various applications is questionable. The reader wanted to know how cannabis helps with Parkinson’s disease.

There is hardly any research available.

We quickly completed our literature research on this issue. The benefits of cannabis for Parkinson’s disease have only been studied in two studies that meet at least some quality standards. This includes, for example, comparison with sham training and random assignment of participants to comparison groups.

Unfortunately, it is impossible to answer whether the research is really meaningful: the publications lack details that are important for our assessment.

Too few test subjects.

In addition to the missing information, there are other fundamental problems: only 40 people participated in the research. There are too few of them to make reliable statements.

In addition, two studies examined patients with Parkinson’s disease at different stages of the disease, tested very different cannabis preparations and their effect on different complaints, such as different types of movement disorders. This significantly limits the comparability of studies.

Effective? We do not know.
However, the results were not what the cannabis advocates had hoped: One study found no difference in effectiveness between cannabis and the fictitious drug when it came to “dyskinesis,” the involuntary movement that affects many people with advanced Parkinson’s disease.
In another study, cannabis also failed to relieve various movement disorders typical of Parkinson’s, such as walking or standing up, better than a placebo.

However, according to the research team, there were signs of little improvement from cannabis in terms of quality of life. However, it is relatively unclear whether this effect actually exists, and it is unclear whether patients actually perceive the improvement as such.

So it’s unclear if cannabis is beneficial for Parkinson’s disease.

Unclear compatibility.

What about the possible side effects? How well people with Parkinson’s tolerate cannabis cannot be said for sure due to the small number of participants. According to the group of authors, none of the studies found serious side effects. However, this is not discussed further. Therefore, when it comes to side effects, we need more and better research.

One study provides slightly more accurate information on side effects. Notably, psychological side effects, such as drowsiness or trouble concentrating, occurred more frequently with cannabis than with the dummy drug.

When dopamine is absent?

With Parkinson’s disease, nerve cells in the brain die that produce dopamine, a transmitting substance. Dopamine is critical to controlling movement. Therefore, various movement disorders are a typical symptom of Parkinson’s disease.

Result: Movements such as walking are slowed down, muscles are tense and typical tremors occur, mainly in the arms. These complaints have given Parkinson’s disease the popular name “tremor palsy.”
Parkinson’s disease is mainly treated with drugs that replace or make dopamine more effective. However, as the disease progresses, it often happens, for example, that the drug stops working in the same way.

Cannabis as a medicine.

In some countries, medicinal products made from cannabis, its components (cannabinoids) or chemically related substances are allowed. This includes a compound made from two different cannabis extracts that can be used to treat seizure symptoms in people with multiple sclerosis.

A drug containing the artificially produced cannabinoid nabilone is used to treat nausea and vomiting in cancer patients when other drugs have failed.

Pharmacies use a doctor’s prescription to prepare customized medicines from THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), which is the pure substance of cannabis.

Details about research.

We were able to identify two studies on the benefits of cannabis for Parkinson’s disease in which patients were randomly given a cannabis drug or a bogus drug.

In one study, participants received both treatments one after the other (“crossover”). Each phase lasted four weeks with a two-week break in between.

In another study, participants were treated with only one of the options for six weeks: that is, one of two doses of cannabis or a dummy drug.
An important problem in both studies is that the description is missing many details that would be necessary for a reliable assessment of methodological quality. Unfortunately, there are also many central points (for example, the reliability of the random distribution of groups, information about all medications taken) that can significantly affect the informativeness of examinations. Therefore, we must look at the results with great care.

Small number of participants.

The number of patients treated was rather small – 19 for the first group and 21 for the second, respectively. This can easily lead to random conclusions and does not lead to more general results that can be passed on to other patients with Parkinson’s. Thus, the informative value of the research is very limited.

Participants in the two studies also differed greatly: one study included only patients with advanced Parkinson’s disease. They suffered from this disease for about 14 years and for several years suffered from the so-called dyskinesia. These are involuntary movements that can occur during the course of illness or during therapy.

Another study involved people with Parkinson’s disease who had been diagnosed with the disease about seven to ten years ago. The publication does not provide any information on complications that existed at the beginning of the study (eg, uneven drug action, dyskinesia). Compared to another study, the participants were about ten years younger.

Various drugs and tests.

Two studies tested very different cannabis preparations: one study used a standardized cannabis extract with fixed amounts of the ingredients tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Another study used cannabidiol alone at a dose of 75 or 300 mg per day. It also makes it difficult to compare results.

Finally, the studies also looked at very different aspects: the study of patients with advanced disease was essentially devoted to the desired relief of dyskinesia. It is not possible to assess with certainty how appropriate the questionnaire used primarily was. In any case, there is no difference in effectiveness between cannabis extract and bogus drug for any of the aspects considered.

Another study examined the effects of cannabis on all forms of Parkinson’s typical movement disorders and quality of life. For this, well-proven questionnaires were used. However, the research team was unable to determine any difference in the effectiveness of cannabis extracts and placebo for movement disorders.
In terms of quality of life, the positive impact on quality of life can be determined purely mathematically. However, it cannot be said for sure whether it is so great that it is actually noticeable as a positive change for patients.


Old varieties: 5 oldest varieties of cannabis.

Landrace varieties form the basis of all modern varieties. Let’s explore together the origins of all these ancient species and their characteristics.

A landrace can be defined as a wild cannabis variety that has developed far from a specific geographic area. Over time, these isolated species began to acquire their own characteristics that are best suited for survival in the particular region in which they originated. These varieties are often named for their region of origin, and references to these varieties can sometimes be found in the names of their crossed offspring.

In the 1970s and 80s, cannabis aficionados toured the world and began collecting local varieties to grow in their local gardens. These varieties are called heirlooms and have then been propagated in other environments such as California and Europe.

Arjan Roskam, founder of Greenhouse Seeds in Amsterdam, has attracted attention with his Strain Hunters project and documentaries that accompany their travels. Strain hunters travel the world to find and collect mostly intact local strains with original genetic makeup that can be used to create new strains with them. Land races are very important to breeding because they are the winners of the natural game of survival of the fittest.

Different climates have produced strains with different appearance and composition of cannabinoids – although they are members of the same family, and from a botanical point of view, there is very little difference between them.

The origin of cannabis sativa.

The cradle of the Landrace cannabis sativa is Asia, Anatolia and North Africa. These landraces are usually much larger (up to 3 to 4 meters) and longer than their Indica cousins, with large node spacing and long, often airy, flower clusters and significant elongation during a very long flowering period. The leaves are narrow, deeply serrated. The scent of sativa flowers is often described as fruity and floral. The landraces Cannabis sativa have adapted to life near the equator, with longer summers and intense sunshine, and are unable to fully mature in mild northern or southern latitudes. Some famous sativa varieties are Thai, Acapulco Gold, Durban Poison and Red Panama.

The origin of indica cannabis.

Older varieties of Cannabis indica originated naturally in the mountainous regions of Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. Indica landraces are much shorter (up to 2m), leaner and more resinous than their Sativa cousins. Indices stop flowering early and stretch very little during flowering. The indica leaves are wide and much less serrated. Indica flower clusters are very dense and lush. The scent of indica buds is often described as musky and earthy. Plants are well adapted to growing in the mild northern latitudes. The two most popular pure indica varieties are the Hindu Kush and Afghani.

Cannabis ruderalis.

Eastern Europe, the Himalayas and Siberia are the roots of cannabis ruderalis. Cannabis ruderalis is not only the smallest member of the cannabis family, reaching only 1 meter in height, but also the least effective on cannabinoids. Their most unusual feature is the ability to start flowering without changing lighting conditions, which is an adaptation to the harsh climatic conditions of extreme northern and southern latitudes. In these regions, summer days can last up to 20 hours, but the season is very short. Breeders have skillfully used this genetic trait to create autoflowering plants. To create the varieties that we know today. With autoflowering plants, you can harvest in less than 60 days after germination, allowing you to harvest two or more crops per season in temperate climates.

The 5 oldest cannabis strains.

Now that you’ve learned what native cannabis strains are, we can continue exploring some of these ancient strains. It is very interesting to realize that only a handful of ancient strains could form the basis from which thousands and thousands of modern strains arose.

Afghan variety.

The origins of Afghan herb shouldn’t surprise anyone, as it is one of the most recognizable land-based varieties in the world. This cultivar remains true to its indica origin. It is very impressively emphasized by the wonderful combination of sweet, spicy and musky aromas.
Afghan feminized seeds are definitely worth trying for those who love the adorable Indica. These varieties are known for reaching an acceptable height and achieving high yields despite their compact structure. The dense and heavy buds will make you a lifelong protector of Afghans.

Thai variety.

Unlike the previous variety, Thai is a pure sativa. This means it will give you a pep and cerebral buzz that’s perfect for any breakfast you can bake. After all, the effects are mostly uplifting and creative, if you’re struggling with some artistic hurdle, a head full of Thai is sure to get you out of there. All in all, we are dealing with the ideal strain for a productive stoner. But it’s best not to smoke them at night, unless you want to stay awake at night.

There are several excellent strains based on these legendary genes. Thai Fantasy is very easy to grow outdoors and, due to its harsh and vigorous nature, can withstand even harsh conditions. The AK-420 is a hardy, productive specimen that makes a good choice for any budding grower.

Nepalese variety.

Nepali basically refers to any variety found in the region of Nepal. This, of course, includes the country itself as well as its surroundings. This setting has endowed Nepalese genetics with super-earthy genetics and a light berry sweetness. These strains are known to combine the relaxing and invigorating effects of indica with a sativa growth profile.
The amazing Nepal Jam takes Nepalese genetics to a whole new level. This is a 100% sativa strain that is sure to bring you many beautiful flowers, whether you grow it indoors or outdoors. However, if you’re looking for variety that’s a little more complex, Vision Cookies is the Nepalese variety for you. She has large buds with 20% THC. And it will make you sit on the couch because of 70% of plant genetics.

Hindu Kush.

This landrace, which originates from the mountains of the same name, is one of the best known geneticists. The harsh climate of the region stretching over 800 km between Pakistan and Afghanistan has created robust, world-renowned genetics. You will quickly see why this area is known for its unrivaled hashish. The scent is a spice blend with a musky undertone and the unmistakable scent of old-school hashish.
Kusha varieties typically evoke strong whole body emotions and invigorating mental stimulation. This is a great strain for those on medication looking to relieve insomnia, depression, or stress. Hindu Kush feminized seeds combine these beneficial effects with a short flowering period. If you like making hash or concentrates, these are the seeds you need to sow. If you are looking for a hybrid that is ideal for indoor cultivation, Kalini Asia will help you. This plant is only about a meter tall and produces a variety of flowers of the highest quality. And when you realize that this cross between Hindu Kush and Pure Purple Afgan contains 22% THC, you will immediately fall in love with it.


Here you are dealing with a rare pure old fashioned sativa that grows in the hills of the Indonesian province of Aceh. Its exotic genetics lie in lovely sweet tropical aromas. The strong, sweet, earthy taste will immediately help you enjoy it. Aceh is a great strain to combat depressive mood due to its euphoric cerebral peaks. It’s almost impossible for sad thoughts to have a chance after tossing this wonderful thing a few times! The average THC content in this strain may be lower than normal (around 10%), but the high THC content is still described as powerful and energetic.

What applies to most of the local varieties also applies to Aceh: it is very hardy. With plants that have adapted to the hot and humid climates of the region, you can successfully harvest varieties of this landrace in less than 10 weeks of flowering.

Well, that’s all! We hope you have now learned a little more about the local varieties and, in particular, these 5 amazing varieties.


A valuable combination of chocolate and cannabidiol

Chocolate owes its success to taste, not health benefits. The choice of chocolate combinations in all types of desserts is breathtaking. Chocolate is a multi-billion dollar global industry. In the past, raw cocoa was very important to society.

Chocolate, or what the industry has made from cocoa beans for decades, is considered unhealthy, makes you fat, and breaks your teeth. No wonder parents and dentists warn their offspring against excessive use. But whether chocolate is actually harmful to health depends on individual use. The popular sweetness can be eaten consciously, as some manufacturers of cannabidiol-containing products are aware of.

The combination of chocolate and CBD seems promising.

Cocoa beans and CBD are the perfect combination.

Cocoa beans or chocolate are part of many traditions. Chocolate is inextricably linked to holidays, public holidays and life events in our society. Christmas, Easter and weddings – you can hardly do without chocolate. Once upon a time, cocoa beans were used as currency for humans. Since the beans themselves are not as sweet as one might expect, the popularity of cocoa in humans must be for another reason.

From Xokolatl to chocolate.

Olmecs, one of the oldest peoples in Latin America, were the first to use beans for drinking chocolate. However, it was a drink that was used as medicine or for rituals. It probably wasn’t cute.

Several centuries later, the Mayans also made a drink made from ground cocoa beans, chili, water and corn flour. This drink is the namesake of chocolate, but it was called “Xocolatl” and, of course, was pronounced differently. The name means “bitter water”, so Xocolatl must have tasted the same back then. The Aztecs also used the energizing and invigorating effects of the cocoa beverage as an aphrodisiac, snack, or to prepare for war. Like CBD, cocoa should help focus and improve memory.

When chocolate came to Spain in the 16th century, it was also used as a stimulating drink. The Spanish were also the first to add sugar and honey to the drink to make the tart taste a little sweeter. With this taste, and then in solid form, chocolate began its triumphant march across Europe.

Bitter similarities between CBD and chocolate.

Chocolate stimulates more than just the taste buds. Chocolate triggers biochemical reactions in our body that are similar to those of cannabinoid cannabidiol (CBD), or at least go very well together.
The addition of CBD to chocolate gives it an added value that should not be underestimated. An important benefit of the CBD in chocolate is the pleasure factor. While some people have a hard time getting used to drinking CBD oil daily as a routine, most will certainly find it easy with chocolate. As with chocolate, the history of taking CBD products begins with a tart, bitter aroma.

CBD chocolate combines the best of both.

The effect on taste buds is often of little consequence for mental or physical health. However, we still like to describe chocolate as nerve-nourishing and know that it can give us a boost of energy. The first effect of chocolate is triggered directly in the mouth, through the same taste buds. Feelings of contentment and happiness pass through the body and on bad days leads us to other thoughts.

The body releases more and more anandamide, the hormone of happiness. The antidepressant effect of chocolate can complement CBD optimally, above all it can prolong its duration. It helps with insomnia, anxiety and depression. The effects of cocoa beans and CBD are mutually supportive. The sugar in the chocolate helps the cannabidiol to begin its effects faster and accelerates the onset of the effects. The combination with anandamide enhances the effects of CBD. This makes CBD chocolate the most effective form of cannabinoid intake.


Hemp ropes are unsurpassed to this day

In the past, making rope was a skill necessary for the survival of some people. The sailing ships of the great explorers would not function without cables. Today only a few have mastered the craft of making ropes. For centuries, people have made ropes from a wide variety of materials, but for a long time hemp was the main raw material for making ropes.

Industrial hemp is more than just CBD.

Nowadays, hemp cultivation is increasingly being carried out in more and more countries. Industrial hemp does not have the intoxicating properties of THC-containing cannabis plants and is grown for many useful things. While healthful nutritional supplements such as oils with cannabidiol, a secondary active ingredient in the hemp plant, are very popular and were the first association with industrial hemp for many people, the cannabis plant is actually a supplier of raw materials for a wide range of beneficial things, such as hemp yarn. paper, cloth and, of course, also rope.

The benefits of hemp in rope making.

Hemp is hard to beat for making rope. Hemp is a fast growing plant ideal for making rope. Hemp grows rapidly and produces up to 75 tons of dry matter per hectare per year. It thrives on poor soils, does not need fertilizers and pesticides, absorbs atmospheric CO2, suppressing the greenhouse effect. Hemp produces more fiber than cotton or flax. Unfortunately, however, extracting fiber from a plant to make rope, yarn or cord is very time consuming and expensive.

Production of ropes and ropes from hemp.

A twisted rope is produced by twisting strands of fiber together under tension. The individual strands are twisted to the right to form a yarn. The yarn, in turn, is twisted to the left, and this results in so-called cardels, which are individual ropes that are then processed into heavier ropes. Typically three or four of these cardels are then processed as strands that are alternately twisted left and right to form a twisted rope. Alternatively, you can weave a rope, which usually consists of a jacket and a core, also called soul in the nautical sector. The coat consists of weaving, for example 32 strands, the core also consists of braided or twisted strands.

Modern technologies are based on proven hemp raw materials.

Nowadays there are many options for making ropes, for example, the very modern rectangular rope, consisting of eight interlaced cardels. Of these eight cardels, four are turned to the right and four to the left, which means that the rope after braiding has an almost square cross-section. Even if rope techniques and techniques were adapted and developed, hemp remains the preferred raw material to this day, both in terms of extraction and stability, resilience and durability.


Hemp industry with a joint position.

Hemp industry with joint stance.

In the recent past, especially in Europe, manufacturers and distributors of industrial hemp products have repeatedly come into conflict with bureaucracy and authorities, now the industry has reacted. A large number of associations and associations are now jointly positioning themselves against the senselessly restrictive use of cannabis. The aim is also to ensure compliance with international law that industrial hemp must be legally demarcated and processed separately from intoxicating cannabis. The position paper was signed by the ACU Aisa-Pacific CBD, the Australian Hemp Council, the British Hemp Alliance BHA, the CHTA / ACCC Canadian Hemp Trade Alliance, Commerciale Canadienne du Chanvre and the European Hemp Industry Association EIHA, HIHA Hokkaido JP. The Hemp Industry Association, the Latin American Industrial Hemp Association LAIHA, the Mongolian Hemp Association, the National Hemp Association NHA and the New Zealand Hemp Growers Association NZHIA.

Industrial hemp and areas of responsibility of drug control authorities.

In a joint position paper, the aforementioned major cannabis growers’ associations comment on the recognition of international law. Accordingly, industrial hemp is not a drug and does not fall within the purview of government drug control authorities. The President of the European Industrial Hemp Association (EIHA) is demanding, “It’s time for our industry to finally be able to grow, produce and market in accordance with internationally applicable regulations without constantly facing new obstacles.” Our logic is clear: it is legal to grow and use all parts of cannabis for industrial purposes. The single convention only covers the illicit cultivation and trade of cannabis or cannabis resin with a high THC content.

The UN Narcotics Conventions do not apply to industrial hemp.

Major cannabis growers’ associations have come together to advocate for a clear legal situation for their industry in a position paper. The joint statement refers to the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs and the 1972 amended Protocols, and the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances. A single convention was signed by about 180 countries, and the Convention was adopted, psychotropic substances are an addition to it. The restrictive treatment of industrial hemp is not provided for in any of the international treaties, and it is not listed as a narcotic drug. The reason for this is as simple as it makes sense. The low concentration of THC makes industrial hemp unsuitable as a medicine. If you follow these UN conventions in national legal relations, then industrial hemp is an agricultural product, not a drug. Thus, drug authorities are not responsible for industrial hemp.

The industry needs legal certainty, not a chicane.

In the position paper, the associations want to ensure that a transparent set of rules for industrial hemp is developed in collaboration with international and national regulatory bodies. This would finally allow the many benefits of cannabis to be harnessed around the world without fear of reprisals from authorities that are virtually not responsible. In particular, Europe is taking big steps back on this issue. In the 70s of the last century, subsidized cultivation still existed, in 1997 it was confirmed that fodder hemp was not new. Over the past two years, parts of the plant were first classified as new food, and now they are even trying to classify them as drugs. This approach is not only lacking logic and reasonable argumentation. In fact, it looks like it is controlled by the economic interests of the pharmaceutical industry, which influences policy and wants to claim market access for itself.


Canada: Activists advocate for the abolition of taxes on the purchase of medical marijuana

Vincent LeFave, a veteran of the police patrol with 30 years of experience, regularly uses cannabis to combat the symptoms of post-traumatic personality disorder.

“Hemp, literally, removes any anxiety and panic with the hand.  I use cannabis extracts every four hours, but unlike pharmaceuticals, they provide a longer lasting and stronger effect on the occasional panic attacks.”

– notes LeFave, who began to use the plant for therapeutic purposes in 2016, after retirement.

However, LeFave consumes only a third of the dosage recommended by doctors, since he simply cannot afford to buy a larger stock of cannabis, due to the fact that the existing tax rates on the industry have seriously raised the average price of medicinal plants.

According to the latest data from the Bureau of Statistics of Canada, more than 479,000 citizens of the country officially enter the system of legal distribution of cannabis. Like recreational consumers, these people also pay a rather high tax on each purchase of medication. In addition, the transaction tax is also levied by local authorities, which additionally raises the price of the product to consumers.

In fact, we not only have to buy a rather expensive medicine, we also have to pay high taxes for it twice,” LeFave says. “It’s ridiculous that, despite the already complete legalization of marijuana, medical cannabis consumers, who are generally poor people, many of whom have a disability, received not a subsidy or a discount, but inflated prices for a vital medicine.”

Now Mr. LeFave is one of the main public speakers of the public organization Canadians for Facilitating Access to Medical Marijuana, the main requirement of which is the abolition of any taxes and duties on medical cannabis market transactions. In particular, members of the organization are extremely dissatisfied with the fact that the government taxes only medical marijuana, while purchasing pharmaceutical drugs is not only not subject to duties, but is also subsidized in most cases.

“Most of all, we are not satisfied with the tax that local and federal authorities charge each purchase of medical cannabis,” says the organization’s vice president, Gerald Major, who also uses plants for the treatment of pain caused by spondylitis and arthritis. Over the past 9 years, Mr. Major underwent 9 operations on the limbs of the body, with the result that he became addicted to opioid painkillers, which medical marijuana recently helped him to refuse.

In general, the organization hopes that public pressure will force the Government of Canada to amend the country’s new budget, which will be considered in early March. At the moment, the group has organized the campaign “Do not tax our medicine!”on the largest social platforms on the Internet, in order to attract the attention of a wide problem to the issue of collecting duties from the medical cannabis market.

“In the end, the authorities must understand that they cannot isolate medical cannabis, which is the official nationally accepted medicine, into a separate category of drugs that can be taxed,”

– Mr. Major notes.

At the moment, the Canadian Ministry of Finance has told activists that tax deduction and subsidies are provided to citizens only for the purchase of prescription pharmaceutical products, which, technically, medical cannabis does not apply, despite national legalization.

“The Canadian Revenue Service continues to adhere to the position supported by the verdict of the federal court, which states that medical cannabis may be subject to taxation and additional fees due to the fact that its acquisition requires only a recommendation, not a formal prescription from the doctor”,

– says the letter sent by the Ministry of Finance to address of the public organization.

Among other things, the situation is complicated by the fact that certain duties and taxes can be removed only from products containing a certain concentration of THC, as well as the fact that some medications taken by the country’s sanitary bureau that contain extract of isolated CBD can be sold without taxation, since they are recognized as “pharmaceutical preparations prescription. ”

It is worth noting that, most likely, the existing tax system exists only for the reason that the federal government wants to keep both segments of the legal cannabis market on equal terms, at least until the recreational segment can independently generate profits and successfully compete with gray market. In support of this conjecture, one can cite the words of Bill Blair, the minister responsible for drafting the law on national legalization, who said last November that “equal taxation levels in both cannabis market segments would not allow consumers to illegally use less strictly regulated cannabis in recreational purposes. ”

“Unfortunately, this position of Mr. Minister was based on delusions. Although the purchase of medical cannabis in Canada does not require any special formulation, such products still can not be obtained without a written recommendation of the attending physician, ”

– said another representative of the organization and a consumer of therapeutic cannabis, Ashley Brown, in this regard.

“I understand the officials’ concerns that many unscrupulous citizens may try to use legal cannabis for recreational purposes, while not paying the appropriate taxes and fees. However, I doubt that they realize how difficult it is to find a qualified doctor who is ready to issue such recommendations, ”continues Miss Brown. “To be honest, it seems to me that instead of all these delays in obtaining recommendations, it will be easier for real violators to seek the services of the still existing black or gray cannabis market than to search for a suitable doctor and simulate the disease.”


Canada: A private company will start selling hemp clones to customers all over the country

Despite the fact that legalization has entered into force in Canada almost 4 months ago, the country still has a serious shortage of inflorescence of plants and other hemp products. Against this background, one young cannabis company stands out, which plans, very soon, to sell its customers not only ready-to-eat cannabis, but also plant seedlings, specifically to create home plantations.

Last Thursday, Flowr Corp announced that by the end of the month, clones of several varieties of varietal hemp will be available in stores across the country. According to the administration of the organization, this product is only a by-product of the main commercial plantation of the company, located near the town of Kelowna, in British Columbia.

“In fact, the idea of ​​selling plant clones came to us quite by accident,” says Vinay Toila, founder and CEO of Flowr, on this subject. “Drawing attention to the high demand for plants for home cultivation among the residents of our home province, we realized that hemp seedlings certainly can attract the attention of potential home growers who want to get a quick start in cultivating.”

Toila decided not to recycle all the biomass of hemp branches and branches obtained during the mass production of plants using the Sea of ​​Green method, but to choose plant fragments from such production waste, which, with proper care, can be relatively quickly grown into a full-fledged, healthy varietal shrub hemp.

Since the beginning of the year, after the company began to keep viable plant clones for itself, over 3 million varietal seedlings have already gathered in the storehouse, which will soon find a new home in growboxes throughout Canada. According to Mr. Toila, the company will sell seedlings at a fairly low price, 10-20 Canadian dollars, depending on the type of plant and its yield. It is possible that with additional production, by the beginning of spring, the average price of a cannabis seedling will fall even more.

“We believe that selling clones will be an important additional source of income for the organization,” says Toila. “In fact, the production of sprouts costs us nothing, so we can sell them for a pittance, while still getting a solid profit.”

Toila also said that among the proposed varieties, cultivators of Canada will be able to find varieties of plants that can survive in any environmental conditions, from compact plants that prefer to live indoors to large meter-long bushes that can safely endure the Canadian cold and temperature fluctuations in the spring and autumn period. Such unripe cannabis bushes can be completely legally purchased anywhere in Canada (except for Manitoba and Quebec, where local authorities strictly forbade any form of home cultivation of marijuana), quite legally, since federal laws do not prohibit the distribution of this type of hemp products.

“Many of our clients have long expressed interest in purchasing ready-made varietal clones, wanting to independently produce our branded varieties in a short time,” notes Mr. Toila. “I would say that in general, Canadians are very interested in homemade, crafting grooming of hemp. After years of cooperation with gray stores that provided a fairly mediocre quality product, and after the last couple of months there was a shortage of high-quality cones in the now legal stores, many people probably just realized that in order to get a better quality product, it should be grown independently. ”

It is worth noting that the position of a relatively young company in the Canadian market has been quite shaken, due to competition from large corporations, as well as the continuing shortage of products. It is quite possible that the comparatively high average price for a gram of the company’s products (since Flowr positions itself as a “premium” brand of recreational cannabis, the average price for a gram of their cheapest cones is $ 15, compared to 10 for products in the provincial hemp Ontario store) in conjunction with these factors and led to a 34% drop in the price of its shares, which in turn led the organization’s management to implement a plan to sell clones of plants.

It is also worth noting that behind the Canadian firm is funding and cultivation technologies from the American giant agricultural industry and fertilizer market, Scotts Miracle-Gro Co. At the moment, both companies are working together to create a fully automated high-tech growbox, designed to popularize the home cultivation of cannabis in circles of people who previously knew nothing about caring for this plant.

“It is quite obvious that this type of product will be able to effectively support the sales of our clones after its release to the Canadian market,”

– Mr. Toila notes.


General tips for improving sleep quality and duration

The study, published on the pages of the Journal of the American Medical Association, notes that about 27% of people suffering from sleep disorders, in addition to pharmaceutical drugs, also use dietary supplements and traditional medicine to enhance the quality and duration of sleep. .

In addition, the publication offers the following tips on changing behaviors and using holistic medicine in combination with cannabis to effectively combat sleep disorders:

Create comfortable conditions for going to bed and for maintaining it. Accordingly, make sure that you sleep in a comfortable bed, in a ventilated room that does not contain irritants, such as extraneous sounds, light and aromas. Also make sure that the room is maintained at a normal room temperature, since excessive heat or cold can force the body to wake up early. To combat extraneous sounds, you can use any favorite music, or a special low-frequency white noise generator that suppresses unnecessarily high-frequency noise.

Get and follow a certain schedule of sleep. Just set a certain time to bedtime and prepare the body for this process in advance. Accordingly, eat a few hours before falling asleep, drink tea or milk about 45 minutes before the process starts, and go to the toilet in advance to eliminate any internal biological reasons for awakening.

Avoid excessive nervous stimulation before bedtime. In addition to the obvious rejection of the use of coffee or other psychostimulants a few hours before bedtime, shut down in advance and avoid active entertainment (from sports to watching action movies or horror films) to avoid adrenaline and other stimulating hormones.

Exercise regularly. It doesn’t matter if you do jogging, weight lifting, push-ups or Tai Chi, it’s important to do a complex of physical exercises every morning to bring the body into a healthy tone. However, as noted in the last paragraph, in no case do not stimulate yourself by charging 2-3 hours before the planned bedtime.

Aromatherapy. In addition to avoiding stimulants such as tobacco and caffeine before bedtime, its quality can be improved with the help of additional sedatives that enhance the effect of cannabinoid treatment. In particular, before going to sleep in the room, you can light a candle or spray lavender extract, which contains a very strong sedative myrcene.

Use folk and holistic means of improving sleep. As with aromatherapy, sleep quality can be improved by eating prematurely, or by drinking tea containing one or more of the traditional soothing herbs, such as valerian, cava, chamomile, California poppy or hop malt. Also, as a sedative, you can use some nutritional supplements with minerals, in particular magnesium salts.