Landrace varieties form the basis of all modern varieties. Let’s explore together the origins of all these ancient species and their characteristics.
A landrace can be defined as a wild cannabis variety that has developed far from a specific geographic area. Over time, these isolated species began to acquire their own characteristics that are best suited for survival in the particular region in which they originated. These varieties are often named for their region of origin, and references to these varieties can sometimes be found in the names of their crossed offspring.
In the 1970s and 80s, cannabis aficionados toured the world and began collecting local varieties to grow in their local gardens. These varieties are called heirlooms and have then been propagated in other environments such as California and Europe.
Arjan Roskam, founder of Greenhouse Seeds in Amsterdam, has attracted attention with his Strain Hunters project and documentaries that accompany their travels. Strain hunters travel the world to find and collect mostly intact local strains with original genetic makeup that can be used to create new strains with them. Land races are very important to breeding because they are the winners of the natural game of survival of the fittest.
Different climates have produced strains with different appearance and composition of cannabinoids – although they are members of the same family, and from a botanical point of view, there is very little difference between them.
The origin of cannabis sativa.
The cradle of the Landrace cannabis sativa is Asia, Anatolia and North Africa. These landraces are usually much larger (up to 3 to 4 meters) and longer than their Indica cousins, with large node spacing and long, often airy, flower clusters and significant elongation during a very long flowering period. The leaves are narrow, deeply serrated. The scent of sativa flowers is often described as fruity and floral. The landraces Cannabis sativa have adapted to life near the equator, with longer summers and intense sunshine, and are unable to fully mature in mild northern or southern latitudes. Some famous sativa varieties are Thai, Acapulco Gold, Durban Poison and Red Panama.
The origin of indica cannabis.
Older varieties of Cannabis indica originated naturally in the mountainous regions of Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. Indica landraces are much shorter (up to 2m), leaner and more resinous than their Sativa cousins. Indices stop flowering early and stretch very little during flowering. The indica leaves are wide and much less serrated. Indica flower clusters are very dense and lush. The scent of indica buds is often described as musky and earthy. Plants are well adapted to growing in the mild northern latitudes. The two most popular pure indica varieties are the Hindu Kush and Afghani.
Eastern Europe, the Himalayas and Siberia are the roots of cannabis ruderalis. Cannabis ruderalis is not only the smallest member of the cannabis family, reaching only 1 meter in height, but also the least effective on cannabinoids. Their most unusual feature is the ability to start flowering without changing lighting conditions, which is an adaptation to the harsh climatic conditions of extreme northern and southern latitudes. In these regions, summer days can last up to 20 hours, but the season is very short. Breeders have skillfully used this genetic trait to create autoflowering plants. To create the varieties that we know today. With autoflowering plants, you can harvest in less than 60 days after germination, allowing you to harvest two or more crops per season in temperate climates.
The 5 oldest cannabis strains.
Now that you’ve learned what native cannabis strains are, we can continue exploring some of these ancient strains. It is very interesting to realize that only a handful of ancient strains could form the basis from which thousands and thousands of modern strains arose.
The origins of Afghan herb shouldn’t surprise anyone, as it is one of the most recognizable land-based varieties in the world. This cultivar remains true to its indica origin. It is very impressively emphasized by the wonderful combination of sweet, spicy and musky aromas.
Afghan feminized seeds are definitely worth trying for those who love the adorable Indica. These varieties are known for reaching an acceptable height and achieving high yields despite their compact structure. The dense and heavy buds will make you a lifelong protector of Afghans.
Unlike the previous variety, Thai is a pure sativa. This means it will give you a pep and cerebral buzz that’s perfect for any breakfast you can bake. After all, the effects are mostly uplifting and creative, if you’re struggling with some artistic hurdle, a head full of Thai is sure to get you out of there. All in all, we are dealing with the ideal strain for a productive stoner. But it’s best not to smoke them at night, unless you want to stay awake at night.
There are several excellent strains based on these legendary genes. Thai Fantasy is very easy to grow outdoors and, due to its harsh and vigorous nature, can withstand even harsh conditions. The AK-420 is a hardy, productive specimen that makes a good choice for any budding grower.
Nepali basically refers to any variety found in the region of Nepal. This, of course, includes the country itself as well as its surroundings. This setting has endowed Nepalese genetics with super-earthy genetics and a light berry sweetness. These strains are known to combine the relaxing and invigorating effects of indica with a sativa growth profile.
The amazing Nepal Jam takes Nepalese genetics to a whole new level. This is a 100% sativa strain that is sure to bring you many beautiful flowers, whether you grow it indoors or outdoors. However, if you’re looking for variety that’s a little more complex, Vision Cookies is the Nepalese variety for you. She has large buds with 20% THC. And it will make you sit on the couch because of 70% of plant genetics.
This landrace, which originates from the mountains of the same name, is one of the best known geneticists. The harsh climate of the region stretching over 800 km between Pakistan and Afghanistan has created robust, world-renowned genetics. You will quickly see why this area is known for its unrivaled hashish. The scent is a spice blend with a musky undertone and the unmistakable scent of old-school hashish.
Kusha varieties typically evoke strong whole body emotions and invigorating mental stimulation. This is a great strain for those on medication looking to relieve insomnia, depression, or stress. Hindu Kush feminized seeds combine these beneficial effects with a short flowering period. If you like making hash or concentrates, these are the seeds you need to sow. If you are looking for a hybrid that is ideal for indoor cultivation, Kalini Asia will help you. This plant is only about a meter tall and produces a variety of flowers of the highest quality. And when you realize that this cross between Hindu Kush and Pure Purple Afgan contains 22% THC, you will immediately fall in love with it.
Here you are dealing with a rare pure old fashioned sativa that grows in the hills of the Indonesian province of Aceh. Its exotic genetics lie in lovely sweet tropical aromas. The strong, sweet, earthy taste will immediately help you enjoy it. Aceh is a great strain to combat depressive mood due to its euphoric cerebral peaks. It’s almost impossible for sad thoughts to have a chance after tossing this wonderful thing a few times! The average THC content in this strain may be lower than normal (around 10%), but the high THC content is still described as powerful and energetic.
What applies to most of the local varieties also applies to Aceh: it is very hardy. With plants that have adapted to the hot and humid climates of the region, you can successfully harvest varieties of this landrace in less than 10 weeks of flowering.
Well, that’s all! We hope you have now learned a little more about the local varieties and, in particular, these 5 amazing varieties.