In the past, making rope was a skill necessary for the survival of some people. The sailing ships of the great explorers would not function without cables. Today only a few have mastered the craft of making ropes. For centuries, people have made ropes from a wide variety of materials, but for a long time hemp was the main raw material for making ropes.
Industrial hemp is more than just CBD.
Nowadays, hemp cultivation is increasingly being carried out in more and more countries. Industrial hemp does not have the intoxicating properties of THC-containing cannabis plants and is grown for many useful things. While healthful nutritional supplements such as oils with cannabidiol, a secondary active ingredient in the hemp plant, are very popular and were the first association with industrial hemp for many people, the cannabis plant is actually a supplier of raw materials for a wide range of beneficial things, such as hemp yarn. paper, cloth and, of course, also rope.
The benefits of hemp in rope making.
Hemp is hard to beat for making rope. Hemp is a fast growing plant ideal for making rope. Hemp grows rapidly and produces up to 75 tons of dry matter per hectare per year. It thrives on poor soils, does not need fertilizers and pesticides, absorbs atmospheric CO2, suppressing the greenhouse effect. Hemp produces more fiber than cotton or flax. Unfortunately, however, extracting fiber from a plant to make rope, yarn or cord is very time consuming and expensive.
Production of ropes and ropes from hemp.
A twisted rope is produced by twisting strands of fiber together under tension. The individual strands are twisted to the right to form a yarn. The yarn, in turn, is twisted to the left, and this results in so-called cardels, which are individual ropes that are then processed into heavier ropes. Typically three or four of these cardels are then processed as strands that are alternately twisted left and right to form a twisted rope. Alternatively, you can weave a rope, which usually consists of a jacket and a core, also called soul in the nautical sector. The coat consists of weaving, for example 32 strands, the core also consists of braided or twisted strands.
Modern technologies are based on proven hemp raw materials.
Nowadays there are many options for making ropes, for example, the very modern rectangular rope, consisting of eight interlaced cardels. Of these eight cardels, four are turned to the right and four to the left, which means that the rope after braiding has an almost square cross-section. Even if rope techniques and techniques were adapted and developed, hemp remains the preferred raw material to this day, both in terms of extraction and stability, resilience and durability.